The AAUW Footsteps Project: Elect HER!
"Because Equity is Still an Issue."
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'Elect Her' panel on The Campbell Conversations - Campbell Conversations host Grant Reeher speaks with Syracuse University senior Alexandra Curtis, a particpant in the Elect Her initiative, and Kathleen Gore with the American Association of University Women, a sponsor of Elect Her. (May 18, 2014)
Updated: Sept. 1, 2015
- Most Nations Miss a Goal for Women in Leadership - Despite a promise made by world leaders two decades ago to have women make up at least 30 percent of their national legislatures, most of the world's parliaments remain largely the province of men. Among 190 countries, only 44 legislatures have met the 30 percent goal, according to an analysis by the Inter-Parliamentary Union. They include Rwanda (nearly 64 percent of members of its lower house of Parliament are women) and Bolivia (53 percent).
- Women Make More Effective Legislators Than Men - Over the last seven years, in the Senate, the 'average' female senator has introduced 96.31 bills, while the 'average' male introduced 70.72. In the House, compare 29.65 for women, and 27.2 for men. And women were more likely to gain cosponsorship: In the Senate, women had an average of 9.10 cosponsors, and men 5.94. In the House, the difference was smaller-but women still proved better, or more interested, in sponsoring together: Female Representatives averaged 16.84 cosponsors, and men 14.64.
- Harassment and hostile work environment are major complaints of congressional employees, report says - In a report released from the Congressional Office of Compliance, the biggest complaint among workers on the hill was harassment and hostile work environment. Complaints related to "sex, gender, and pregnancy" were the most frequent. . The Office of Compliance suggests mandatory anti-discrimination and anti-retaliation training for all congressional employees.
- These Are the Best Places in the World to Be a Woman in Politics, According to the OECD - Most countries are not hitting benchmarks for female representation in politics, however aspiring female politicians should consider moving to Finland or Sweden, where women have the most representation in government, according to new OECD data. Among the worst performers are Hungary, South Korea and Turkey. The U.S. and the U.K. also showed below average representation.
- Fiala Named New Chair Of Women's Equality Party - Former Department of Motor Vehicles Commissioner Barbara Fiala has been appointed the chair of the Women's Equality Party, the ballot line formed by Gov. Andrew Cuomo during last year's election.
- These Campus Women Won! - This has been an exciting year for women in politics. Congress and state legislatures have more women than ever before, and come 2016 we hope to have even more to celebrate. A recent poll found that 67 percent of Americans say the country is ready for a woman president, and two female candidates have already declared their candidacy.
- Meet Kristin Beck, a transgender former Navy SEAL running for Congress - Beck seeking votes in her long-shot primary bid against Steny H. Hoyer, the second-most-powerful Democrat in the House of Representatives. Beck, 48, almost certainly isn't going to win. She doesn't have much name recognition or money. She doesn't even have the backing of the major gay and transgender advocacy groups. They have hesitations about her propensity to offend parts of the community and take issue with her attempt to oust Hoyer, a staunch ally for LGBT rights. But what Beck does have is an incredible life story, a slightly jumbled platform of about 70?issues, and a message that the district is ready for a change.
- Conservatives frustrated by GOP's drop in working women's votes - The trend that worries conservative thinker Sabrina Schaeffer is this: Three elections ago, nearly half of all working mothers chose George W. Bush. In 2008, the share dropped to 40 percent for Sen. John McCain. By 2012, only about a third backed Mitt Romney. But even more alarming to Schaeffer is that few, if any, of the current presidential candidates have made the needs of female breadwinners a centerpiece of their campaigns.
- G.O.P. Women in Congress: Why So Few? - The rising number of women in Congress can obscure another trend: The number of Republican women has remained roughly stagnant for more than a decade. Although women in both parties have increased their numbers in Congress during the past 25 years, the share of Democratic women - now nearly 33 percent - has continued to climb, while the Republican female share has leveled off since hitting 10 percent during the mid-2000s.
- The Fix's 40 Most Interesting Women in Politics - Three New Yorkers: Rep. Elise Stefanik, charter school official Eva Moskowitz and NYC Council President Melissa Mark-Viverito - made The Fix's list of the 40 most Interesting Women in Politics.
- North Country Reps. Stefanik and Ritchie, joined by other local leaders, form 'Upstate Women's Leadership Council' - North Country Rep. Elise Stefanik and State Sen. Patty Ritchie, joined by other local leaders, have announced formation of the "Upstate Women's Leadership Council." The group is aimed at increasing opportunities for women's personal and professional advancement and inspiring a next generation of leaders across Northern and Central New York. Women comprise 51 percent of New York's population and workforce-slightly more than the national average. They earn 60 percent of undergraduate and master's degrees. Nearly 400 women currently serve in public office in St. Lawrence, Jefferson and Oswego counties, about one-fourth of current office holders.
- Women in the world: Where the U.S. falters in quest for equality - The United States has only 19.4% of the 535 seats on Capitol Hill, which isn't so impressive when you consider females make up 51% of the population. The U.S. Congress ranks in the bottom half of national parliaments around the world when it comes to female members, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
- Barbara Lee Family Foundation and The Center for American Women and Politics Launch Gender Watch Program - Two women's powerhouse organizations have joined forces to track, analyze and illuminate gender dynamics in the 2016 presidential election in a project titled Presidential Gender Watch 2016.
- Winning women: Fielding more female candidates helps political parties gain votes - Political parties find that their fortunes improve when they put more women on the ballot, according to a study. The study analyzes changes to municipal election laws in Spain, which a decade ago began requiring political parties to have women fill at least 40 percent of the slots on their electoral lists. With other factors being equal, the research found, parties that increased their share of female candidates by 10 percentage points more than their opponents enjoyed a 4.2 percentage-point gain at the ballot box, or an outright switch of about 20 votes per 1,000 cast.
- Four men join the Maryland Women's Caucus - Erek Barron made Maryland history, becoming one of four male lawmakers - all freshmen - who this year joined Women Legislators of Maryland, the nation's oldest state women's caucus. He and the three others , two from Montgomery and another from Prince George's, are believed to be the only such members currently serving on a state legislative women's caucus, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.
- Disproportionate Representation: A Look at Women Leadership in Congress - Women make up 50.8 percent of the US population but only 19.4 percent of the current 114th US Congress. The United States cannot continue to claim that it is a world leader while ignoring this disparity in representation that threatens the status of women in this country.In fact, Congress resembles a frat house where young intoxicated men are replaced with middle age men.
- Republican Takeover of Senate Pushes Women Out of Powerful Committee Posts - Last year, when Democrats controlled the Senate, women led a record nine committees, including male bastions like the Appropriations Committee, which dispenses billions in federal dollars, and Intelligence, which oversees the government's secret national security apparatus. Now there are only two female committee chairs: Ms. Murkowski and Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine.
- Political and Private Sector Leaders Gather at Google DC HQ for Launch of All In Together Organization - Organization Raises Issue of Women's Voice in Public Policy. About the All In Together Campaign.
- The gender gap in political ambition starts at an amazingly young age - When women run, they tend to do about as well as men. But they aren't as likely as men to want to run in the first place. Now, new research by Richard Fox and Jennifer Lawless, two scholars of gender and political ambition, shows that the gap in political ambition emerges very early, even by age 18.
- The new Congress is 80 percent white, 80 percent male and 92 percent Christian - The group that Pew finds most underrepresented on the Hill is those without a religious affiliation -- comprising 20 percent of the public and 0.2 percent of Congress. Congress is nearly as unrepresentative on race and gender. More than half of the population is female; white non-Hispanics are about 63 percent of the population.
- 7 Strategies for Stepping Up Our Political Women - Forget the downbeat aftermath of the midterms. Today's climate is ideal for expanding women's leadership. America's millennial women will soon be among the largest political leadership blocs and we should engage them now.
- West Virginia's Saira Blair is learning to balance college life, state politics - "I have to write those thank-you letters." The letters are to her supporters, some of the 18,000 West Virginians Saira will be representing in the 59th District - a mostly rural, mostly Republican region two hours from Washington. She won the election in November by beating her opponent, a 44-year-old attorney, with 63 percent of the vote, and since then she has become the most famous state legislator in the country, as well as in her house.
- Less than a quarter of state legislators are women - Although the newly elected 114th Congress is the first to have at least 100 women, local legislatures and governments haven't seen the same kind of progress in recent decades. Women are the majority of the population in 39 states, but make up less than one-fourth of state legislatures in most states. Including here in NYS, where women make up 21.12% of the legislature, but 53% of the population. Women make up an even smaller share of mayoral posts; only about 18.4 percent of mayors in cities.
- Votes for Women 2020 President Susan Zimet on WAMC's 51% - Susan Zimet, founder of Votes for Women 2020 appeared on WAMC's 51% this week, reading an essay she wrote on the arrest and conviction of Susan B. Anthony for voting. Susan relates this to the importance of young women exercising their hard earned right to vote. Susan's segment begins at about 16:25.
- Getting Women to Run - The American Student Government Association estimates that about 40 percent of colleges, including community colleges, have female student body presidents. That share would be lower if community colleges were not included, though no precise data seems to exist. Out of the top 100 institutions ranked this year by U.S. News and World Report, about one-third have female student body presidents or other top executives. At the same time, the number of women going to and graduating from college outpaces the number of men.ould be much more progress in closing the gender gap.
- Women haven't gained much representation in state legislatures since the 1990s - Women are better represented in state legislatures today than they were in the 1970s, but there's been very little progress in gender parity since the late 1990s. This map, compiled for Mic by David Mendoza using Center for American Women and Politics data, shows the stubborn trends. As Vox's Ezra Klein wrote in 2008 for the American Prospect, women tend to do about as well as men when they actually run. But women, due to a host of reasons, are less likely to hit the campaign trail. If women were better encouraged by society as a whole to run for office, there could be much more progress in closing the gender gap.
- Taking most of the places at the table: White men are 31 percent of the American population. They hold 65 percent of all elected offices.
- Women's Voices Lacking on School Boards - Despite having relatively strong representation on school boards, women serving on those panels tend to yield to their male counterparts on policy decisions, according to a new book.
- 10 Reasons Young Women Absolutely Need to Vote in the Midterms - Young people are the most diverse generation of Americans ever, but Congress isn't reflective of that diversity. White men only make up 32 percent of the U.S. population, but they make up 79 percent of the Senate and 75 percent of the House. Meanwhile, women make up more than 50 percent of the population but only 17 percent of Congress.
- Massachusetts, Rhode Island Democrats nominate women for governor - Democrats in Massachusetts and Rhode Island picked female candidates to represent their party in November gubernatorial elections, setting the stage for either state to possibly elect its first woman governor.
- The major parties in eight states haven't had a woman nominee for governor since 1970 (and probably ever) - The eight states without a female major-party nominee since at least 1970 are: Georgia, Idaho, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York, Ohio, Tennessee and Utah. (Ohio has had an acting female governor, but not a candidate. Former Utah Gov. Olene Walker (R) took office through succession and was therefore never nominated to run.) All told, 24 states, including Wisconsin, have never had a female governor, according to the center.
- Campaign Ad Spending Rises as Obstacle to Women - "Finances are a tremendous hurdle for female candidates because they cannot fund their own campaigns and often lack contacts in the business community that can jump start their campaigns to introduce the candidates to millions of voters across the states," said Kelly Dittmar, a scholar at the Center for American Women and Politics at the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., in a phone interview.
- AAUW Blog: These 5 College Students Are Proof that Women Win Elections - At AAUW's campus training, Elect Her-Campus Women Win, we see hundreds of college women find their leadership potential and start their political careers by running for student government. In 2014, 78 percent of students who took the training and then reported running for student office won their elections. Even better, many participants told us they were inspired to continue moving up the leadership pipeline.
- It'll Be Over 100 Years Before Congress is Half Women, Study Finds - Mark your calendars for 2121: that's the year when women may finally achieve equal representation in the United States' leading legislative body, according to a new study by the Institute for Women's Policy Research. The think tank estimated in its May report that it would take over a century before women made up 50 percent of Congress (they currently make up 20 percent).
- Here's why 2014 won't likely be the 'year of the woman governor' - The 2014 mid-terms are shaping up to be a status quo year as far as the rank of women governors. Sexism is only part of the story. Currently, there are five women governors, including four Republicans: Jan Brewer (Arizona), Susana Martinez (New Mexico), Mary Fallin (Oklahoma) and Nikki Haley (South Carolina). Maggie Hassan, of New Hampshire, is the lone Democratic woman serving as governor. With the exception of Brewer, all four are running for re-election and current polls suggest that all of them stand a good chance of winning. Which means that in November of 2014 there will at least be four women with the big statehouse desk. The all time high is nine in 2004 and 2007, proving that if there is in fact a women's political wave, it has yet to reach the gubernatorial level.
- Women are winning Senate primaries this year - but not many of them are running - Nationwide, women make up 24 percent of state legislatures. It's higher in some states, such as Colorado, where 41 percent of the legislature features female members. In some states -- like South Carolina, where women make up 13 percent of the legislature -- they are far lower. Only five of the nation's 50 governors are women. In the nation's 100 largest cities, there are only 12 female mayors. Eighteen percent of cities that have populations over 30,000 have female mayors.
- Why We Need More Women's Voices in Congress
- Walking in the Footsteps of… Building Women’s Political Capacity
- The 2012 Project
Why We Need More Women's Voices in Congress:
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The 2012 Project
In response to the growing presence of women running for elected office, the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University is launching The 2012 Project, a national, non-partisan campaign to identify and increase the number of women in legislative office. The campaign focuses on women from the baby boomer generation.
AAUW supports closing the political leadership gender gap. AAUW’s Elect Her initiative specifically focuses on increasing the number of women running for public office. Elect Her trains and encourages young women to run for student government and helps women view themselves as political candidates for the future. For more information, click here.
- from AAUW's Washington Update for August 6, 2009
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Walking in the Footsteps of… Building Women’s Political Capacity
There is a classic Maxine cartoon from 2007 which reads, “A female president would only be a good idea if you wanted the country run right for some reason.”
Well, 2010 was not a presidential election year, but it was the first time in 30 years that fewer women went to Washington for the 112th Congress in January. Women lost ground getting into federal office, and we will also see far fewer of our issues come to floor of the House and Senate for discussion, let alone for action.
A report from government watchdog groups shows NYS candidates raised about $246 million for statewide and legislative races in 2010, including nearly $72 million in the gubernatorial campaign. Of that amount, individual contributors accounted for $83 million, businesses or trade associations gave almost $67 million, three times as much as the $21 million from unions. Totals included $25 million in donations from other candidates and almost $14 million from political parties.
So the glass ceiling also has a pretty deep cash barrier. Given these numbers, we have to find ways to indentify and encourage more women to think about running for office, and we have to do it sooner in their political careers. While many women only think about running for office once their families are raised or they retire, that is too late to break into politics and be in the game long enough to get to a high enough level of government to really start effecting change.
So, what can AAUW branches and members do to create a climate where more women consider getting into public life sooner? AAUW-NYS has a new program initiative called “Walking in the Footsteps of…” designed to foster a local climate where women can learn from their political history, find mentors, and encourage talented women they know (or are) to consider appointed or elected office.
The Footsteps project will run through Election Day 2012 (although we hope you will continue efforts beyond that date).
Branches can research the political history of their area to learn about and teach others about the legal and political contributions of local women. (Perhaps you have already done this as part of the NYS Women Biography Project.)
Invite women office holders in your area to a non-partisan meeting to discuss how they got into office, what the barriers and challenges were, and the contributions they make as women. Ask them to create a mentor program for other women thinking about running.
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