"Only where they are organized do women get equal pay for equal work."
- Eleanor Roosevelt
For more information: AAUW Fact Sheets and Position Papers on Affirmative Action, Athletics, Education, Managed Care Reform, Reproductive Rights, and Social Security Reform.
Great AAUW video: #TheNew10 Submission - The U.S. Treasury has called on Americans to submit their "ideas, symbols, designs, or any other feedback that can inform the secretary as he considers options for the $10 redesign." So we figured we'd help Secretary Lew reimagine the $10 bill by illustrating just how real the gender pay gap is.
Teens For Equal Pay Facebook Page
The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap (Spring 2015)
Equal Pay Day Action Kit, a Guide to taking action on Equal Pay Day - Whether you want to run your own Equal Pay Day event or just show your support and spread the word, this guide will connect you with the ideas and resources you need to make it happen.
AAUW Research Reveals New Dimensions to the Gender Pay Gap in Advance of Equal Pay Day
Teaching College Women Salary Negotiation - $tart $mart workshops prepares college women who are approaching the job market with the confidence, knowledge, and skills they need to negotiate salaries and benefits.
Updated August 28, 2015
- Tech companies are turning to transparency to minimize wage gaps - The first step in fixing the gender-based pay gap problem was to admit that it's a problem. Now companies are looking more closely at employee compensation levels - something that has only recently started happening, despite the fact that we've been talking about the pay gap for decades. Image-sharing site Pinterest is the latest in a handful of tech companies to announce a review of employee compensation data, according to the Huffington Post.
- Let's Expose the Gender Pay Gap - HOW serious are we, really, about tackling income equality? The Securities and Exchange Commission took a shot at it last week, approving a rule that would require companies to disclose their C.E.O. pay gap - comparing how much chief executive officers take home compared with ordinary employees. That's a fine idea. But here's a better one: require companies to publish their gender pay gap.
- Second Circuit Rejects Ledbetter Application to Job Bias Cases - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit narrowed the Lilly Ledbetter Act's scope of extended time limits offered in the case of Davis v. Bombardier Transportation Holdings. Davis, a former employee for Air Train in New York, took disability leave to undergo diabetic retinopathy and when she returned to work she was deemed as unfit to operate the Air Train. Since then, Davis was reassigned to a position where she made .75 cents less in her hourly wages. Davis's assertion to apply the Ledbetter Act in her case was denied by the Second Circuit, stating that "the statute of limitations commenced when Davis received the demotion, not each time she received a reduced paycheck."
- Gender gap in federal salaries? Let's not go there anymore, new personnel chief says - The acting director of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), Beth Cobert, is taking steps to eliminate the wage gap in the federal government. In 2012, OPM found that women in government still made 12.7 percent less than men, overall. To help close that gap, Cobert informed senior government leaders that a common metric for setting wage rates of new employees - prior salary history - can no longer be the basis for establishing salaries. This move could help women who have been out of the workforce for a period of time or who have been paid unequally in the past. It will also focus hiring decisions on each candidate's qualifications and ability to meet an agency's particular needs. Additionally, Cobert urged government agencies to collect wage data separated by gender, review how jobs are classified for pay-setting, and publicly post salary rates.
- Student Loan Debt Is Leaving Women Broke and Vulnerable - With more women attending college and graduate school than ever before, it naturally follows that more women are also racking up student debt. Women are more likely to take out student loans than men, in an economy where college costs significantly more than it did a generation ago. While it's a significant feminist achievement that women now account for 57 percent of graduates earning bachelor's degrees, those women are more likely than their male peers to start their careers in a financial hole: 68 percent of those female graduates are leaving school with some amount of student loan debt, compared to 63 percent of men.
- Why female physicians are paid less than men - In a survey of hospital medical physicians across the United States, women made nearly $15,000 less than their male counterparts, with a portion of this disparity explained by female doctors' tendency to prioritize collegiality and control over personal time, rather than substantial pay. The figure was determined after controlling for a number of factors, including age, geography, specialty, and amount and type of clinical work.
- How Women Contribute $3 Trillion to Global Health Care - Data analysed from 32 countries, constituting about 52% of the world's population, and reported in the Lancet Commission on Women and Health, shows that women contribute around US $3 trillion in healthcare annually. Women play a vital role in the global healthcare workforce as nurses, midwives, community health workers and doctors. In some countries 90% of nurses are women. In some countries (such as the UK), women now predominate in terms of medical school intake. This does not, however, translate to equality in terms of those who go on to practice medicine once trained, nor equality in pay.
- AAUW Today: The Pay Gap Is Even Worse for Black Women, and That's Everyone's Problem - Black women were paid 64 percent of what non-Hispanic white men were paid in 2013. That means it takes the typical black woman nearly seven extra months to be paid what the average white man took home back on December 31. That's even worse than the national pay gap for all women, 78 percent, as reported in AAUW's The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap. Black women are more likely than women nationally to work in the lowest-paying occupations (like service, health care support, and education) and less likely to work in the higher-paying engineering and tech fields or managerial positions.
- The Struggle for Fairness for Transgender Workers - Roughly 15 percent of transgender Americans earn less than $10,000 a year, a rate of extreme poverty that is almost four times higher than the national average, according to the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. They are twice as likely to be unemployed as the general population, though transgender Americans have a higher level of education than the general population.
- Paying the Pink Tax - You probably think you know about all the taxes you pay. Income taxes, property taxes, sales taxes - it seems like the list is endless. But there's one tax I've been paying for most of my life that you might not know about. If you're a woman, chances are you're paying it too. It's called the pink tax. What is it? It's the premium you pay for goods and services that are marketed to women, even when they're identical to those sold as "men's" products at a cheaper price. One study calculated this "tax" at an extra $1,400 a year.
- To settle lawsuit, U.S. Park Police throws out dated policy on pregnant officers - The U.S. Park Police, in agreeing this week to pay $300,000 to a former detective who sued after she got pregnant and was assigned to clerical work, also threw out a longstanding policy that critics derided as out of touch with the times.
- AAUW Blog: Why We Talk about Equal Pay on Father's Day - Researchers have found that many fathers receive a wage premium of 4-6 percent for each child. Employers tend to perceive fathers as more committed, stable, and effective employees and pay them accordingly. Unfortunately these expectations do not extend to most mothers or even to all fathers.
- June 4th Marks Moms' Equal Pay Day - While we "celebrated" Equal Pay Day on April 14th this year, we must also take time to "celebrate" the other Equal Pay Days that occur throughout the year. On June 4th we marked Moms' Equal Pay Day, the symbolic day when the average salaries of mothers who work full time, year-round, catch up to the salaries that fathers earned the previous year. Across racial backgrounds, education levels, geographic regions, and occupations nationwide, the gender pay gap persists, hurting the economic security of women and families and undermining the economy as a whole.
- Ellen Pao Files Appeal in Silicon Valley Gender Bias Suit - Ellen Pao, the woman at the center of a high-profile gender bias lawsuit against Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, the elite Silicon Valley venture capital firm, filed an appeal on Monday of a jury verdict against her.
- Why Is It Still So Hard For Women To Prove Workplace Discrimination, Even When It's Painfully Obvious? - Few Americans are aware of how weak the laws forbidding discrimination in the workplace really are. Title VII and the Equal Pay Act are basically blind to some obvious differences between men and women: women bear children and men do not, and women are more often the primary or sole caregiver for children and elderly relatives. The theory behind the law is that so long as a woman is just like a man, she should be treated the same. But where she is different, there is no basis for a claim of discrimination.
- How can women close the pay gap? - Despite advances female employees still fighting salary secrecy and sexism In 1973, the gender wage gap was at its widest since the U.S. Census Bureau started recording it in 1960, with women getting paid only 56.6 cents for every dollar earned by men. Fast forward to 2015 and - despite the advances women have made in the workplace - the pay gap has endured, with women now making on average 78 cents on the dollar.
- Many students leave college unprepared to negotiate salaries - A new survey from NerdWallet shows how much entry-level hires leave on the table. If a 22-year-old college graduate gets a job offer and says yes to a $40,000 salary, she will earn $170,000 less over the course of her career than if she had negotiated a 5% bump. That's assuming she retires at 65 and gets a 3% raise per year, on average. The thing is, most women don't negotiate on salary when they get a job offer.
- Australia: Bring feminist principles to work - Corporate heads should take the lead on closing the gender pay gap, Elizabeth Broderick, the sex discrimination commissioner has said. It is an intractable issue," she said. "It is complex and it is hard [because] women are not promoted to the same extent as men, women are in what we call occupational segregation - in lower-paid employment - and they trade off money for family-friendly work conditions."
- Twitter bot will tweet your salary to help you fight the pay gap - People keep their salaries a secret for a variety of reasons. For real change to happen, some say, a real discussion has to begin. A Twitter bot called @talkpayBot is working as a catalyst for discussion on wage inequality by allowing people to anonymously submit any or all of the following criteria to be tweeted out: age, job title, ethnicity, gender, years of professional experience, sexual orientation, and most importantly, rate of pay.
- Why is it still so taboo to talk about what we make? - Efforts pushing for pay transparency seem to be cropping up in more and more places. Last year, the president signed an executive order that would ban federal contractors from retaliating against employees who discuss their salaries with each other. Female politicians are also talking about it as a solution to closing the gender pay gap. Meanwhile, it has become increasingly popular among tech startups to make payroll details transparent. On Friday, the hashtag #talkpay gained momentum online after a programmer named Lauren Voswinkel encouraged people to publicly share on Twitter what they earn.
- Equal Pay Bill Heads To Governor's Desk - The state Assembly voted unanimously April 24 closed loopholes in the law guaranteeing equal pay for women, which Gov. Andrew Cuomo said he'll sign.
- Women Earn 24% Less Than Men on Average, U.N. Report Finds - The U.N. Women report shows that even though more women are in the workplace and taking on leadership positions worldwide, pay levels are nowhere near reaching equality worldwide. On average women around the world earn 24% less than men, the report says, and earn just half of the income men earn over a lifetime. Women in South Asia experience the greatest gender pay gap, earning 33% less than men. The Middle East and North Africa have a 14% pay gap.
- Leveling the Field - McMaster University is giving full-time faculty members a sizable raise this summer, with one qualification: they're all women. The Canadian university is turning talk about its gender pay gap into action, tacking $3,515 (about $2,900 U.S.) onto the salaries of its female professors across ranks.
- #Talkpay Surges as Twitter Users Fight Inequality by Revealing Own Pay - It took years for Lauren Voswinkel to find out that she was being underpaid. This May Day, the international day of workers, Voswinkel mounted a small protest against this taboo by encouraging people to post their job titles and salary information to Twitter with the hashtag #talkpay. Her manifesto for the project appeared earlier in the week, at Model View Culture.
- Pope Francis Calls for Equal Pay for Women - Pope Francis added his voice Wednesday to calls for equal pay for women, saying it is "pure scandal" that many of them earn less than men for doing the same jobs. Francis also lambasted the attitude of those who blame the crisis in families on women getting out of the house to work. He called such attitudes a form of "machismo" that shows how men "want to dominate women."
- AAUW Today: 8 Awesome Ways We Pushed for Equal Pay
- Male CEO Has A Brilliantly Simple Plan To Destroy The Gender Wage Gap - Marc Benioff, the CEO of Salesforce, has launched a companywide program called Women's Surge that aims to eliminate any pay disparities between male and female workers, hire and promote more women, and make sure they are better included in meetings.
- Why we can't forget transgender people when talking about the pay gap - Multiple studies have indeed shown that LGBT people suffer discrimination in the workforce, and the problem is more acute for transgender people. A review of more than 50 studies conducted by the Williams Institute at UCLA in 2007 showed that between 15 and 57 percent of transgender people report having experienced employment discrimination.
- Women in the world: Where the U.S. falters in quest for equality - When it comes to paychecks, the United States ranks 65th in wage equality for similar work, according to a World Economic Forum study of 142 countries. Among the dozens of countries where women are better off, according to this measure, are the United Arab Emirates and Norway, the Kyrgyz Republic and Canada, Egypt, Iceland, Japan, Botswana, Honduras and Ethiopia.
- AAUW OpEd AAUW Marks Equal Pay Day on April 14 (April 14, 2015)
- WELCOME TO CLOSE THE GAP APP - Close the Gap App is a powerful tool that takes you on a guided deep dive into your career path. It's like having your very own career or business coach on your desktop or mobile device.
- Why we still need Equal Pay Day - Policies make it more difficult for women, who are more likely to be primary caregivers, to reach their highest potential in the workplace, or to stay attached to the workforce at all. These are policies such as inflexible hours, an emphasis on unnecessary face time with the boss and a lack of paid maternity leave or access to high-quality, affordable child care. There are more subtle sources of discouragement, too, such as the way our tax code effectively penalizes secondary earners with a high marginal tax rate and forces much outsourced child care and housework to be paid with post-tax dollars.
- Gender wage gap: Women make more than men in 22 U.S. cities, including one in NY - Believe it or not, the gender wage gap actually favors women in 22 cities in America. And one of them's in New York. A new study by personal finance website NerdWallet analyzed the few places (out of 492 cities nationwide) where ladies earned more in 2013, including No. 4 Albany. In New York's capital, where the median income is $29,814, women make $1.11 for every dollar men earn.
- Women now hold a majority of all management and professional positions in the U.S. - Women now hold 52 percent of management, professional, and related positions, according to a new report from BMO Bank. However, the same data also show that the glass ceiling remains very real: Less than 5 percent of women occupy CEO roles at S&P 500 companies.
- Women Still Earn Less than Men Across the Board - April 14 is Equal Pay Day, a perfect opportunity to reflect upon the fact that women in our country still earn less than men. The gap between men and women's wages is smaller for lower-wage earners, there is still a significant gender wage gap at all levels of the wage distribution, particularly at the middle and the top. To close this gender wage gap, women need to see wage growth faster than their male counterparts.
- The anorexia pay gap: Study shows women with eating disorders earn less - In addition to causing long-term physical & emotional problems, eating disorders can also lead to economic struggle. A new study finds that disordered eating might actually contribute to the disparity within the disparity between men's and women's earnings, in ways that can affect the women who have eating disorders for much of their professional lives.
- Chelsea Clinton and Sheryl Sandberg Teach Women How to 'Ask4More' - To encourage women to speak up about the gender wage gap--and about discrimination more generally--Levo is launching its annual Ask4More campaign on Monday. Among other things, the initiative includes a series of interviews with women leaders such as Sheryl Sandberg and Chelsea Clinton, who offer advice on how to ask for what you want and deserve.
- Seattle Workers Hail 'Historic Moment' as City Sets Course for $15 Minimum Wage - By 2017, all workers in the city of Seattle will earn $15 an hour - after a long battle by city workers who felt they weren't getting a fair deal. Nearly 40,000 low-wage workers will get an instant pay rise on Wednesday, when Seattle begins to phase in a landmark $15 minimum wage law that was passed amid controversy last year.
- Best Buy, FedEx among first businesses fined for not giving paid sick leave to NYC employees - Six scofflaw employers, including a Best Buy branch and FedEx, were among the first businesses to be slapped with fines under the city's year-old paid sick leave law, officials said. In total, $39,350 has been levied against employers since the law went into effect last April and another 116 complaints were resolved through mediation, said officials with the Department of Consumer Affairs.
- The Equal Pay Webinar on April 17, 2013 that was hosted by the Women’s Bureau and The American Association of University Women is now available!
- Recording of the Equal Pay Webinar
- Women’s Bureau Equal Pay Guides: “An Employer’s Guide to Equal Pay,” and “A Guide to Women’s Equal Pay Rights” (available in Spanish, Chinese, French and Vietnamese upon request)
- The Bureau of Labor Statistics Women in the Workforce Databook
- The American Association of University Women report, “Graduating to a Pay Gap: The Earnings of Women and Men One Year After College Graduation”
- The American Association of University Women Salary Calculator
- The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Equal Pay Fact Sheet
- The Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce Report: “What’s it Worth: The Economic Value of College Majors”
- In the News: One Year After Graduation, Female Pay Lags Behind - AAUW published "Graduating to a Pay Gap"
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