For more information: AAUW Fact Sheets and Position Papers on Affirmative Action, Athletics, Education, Managed Care Reform, Reproductive Rights, and Social Security Reform.
Equal Pay Day Action Kit, a Guide to taking action on Equal Pay Day - Whether you want to run your own Equal Pay Day event or just show your support and spread the word, this guide will connect you with the ideas and resources you need to make it happen.
AAUW Research Reveals New Dimensions to the Gender Pay Gap in Advance of Equal Pay Day
Teaching College Women Salary Negotiation - $tart $mart workshops prepares college women who are approaching the job market with the confidence, knowledge, and skills they need to negotiate salaries and benefits.
Updated Aug. 28, 2014
- This Major Retailer Has Eliminated The Pay Gap Between Women And Men - "[O]n average, women at Gap Inc. are paid at a one-to-one ratio compared to their male counterparts across our organization," a spokeswoman confirmed for ThinkProgress over email. "Globally, this translates to pay equality across our major geographies, whether dollar for dollar, pound for pound, yen for yen or euro for euro." While she couldn't provide an breakdown by position, she noted, "We pay dollar for dollar across the organization, regardless of level."
- Women's stories of discovering unequal pay - Guardian US and ProPublica readers share their stories of finding out that they were paid less than their male colleagues. One thing is clear, however: most American women are still not getting paid as much as their male colleagues. Being underpaid doesn't automatically make you a victim. It's an alert to stop being one.
- Britain: New mothers sidelined to 'mummy track' in their millions - Six out of 10 mothers say their careers were "derailed" after becoming pregnant, and admitted they faced open discrimination in the workplace, research from law firm Slater and Gordon has revealed. More than 60 per cent of survey respondents said they felt their boss had a negative perception of working mothers, which meant they were mistreated when they returned to work, and overlooked for career opportunities. Women often found themselves being offered less senior roles (18 per cent), overlooked for promotion or opportunities (27 per cent) and even demoted (8 per cent) on returning to the workplace.
- Women's rights and their money: a timeline from Cleopatra to Lilly Ledbetter - When did women get the right to inherit property and open bank accounts? How long did it take until women won the legal right to be served in UK pubs? Our timeline traces women's financial rights from ancient societies to the present day.
- Income gap widens in Colorado and nationally as new jobs pay less - The nation has recaptured the jobs lost during the downturn and unemployment has moved steadily lower in most states. Job gains during the recovery came largely in sectors that paid much less than those sectors where jobs were lost, contributing to a widening of the income gap in most metro areas, according to a study released Monday by the United States Conference of Mayors.
- Oregon Identifies Pay Gap Problem Areas - In a letter last month, Gov. John Kitzhaber asked the administrative services agency to focus on fixing the pay gap.
- Retail's Choice: How Raising Wages and Improving Schedules for Women in the Retail Industry Would Benefit America - Today, women make up nearly half of America's workforce, and there is little question that their success in the economy is critical to the nation's prosperity. Yet every day across America, millions of women go to work in low paying jobs that fail to move their families out of poverty. One such low-paid position is the most common occupation in America today: retail salesperson. The typical woman working as a salesperson earns just $10.58 an hour: a wage that keeps a family of three near poverty, even if the employee is able to secure enough hours for full-time work. American women disproportionately hold the retail industry's lowest-paid positions.
- The Earnings Gap Between Married and Non-Married Moms is Widening - It's probably no shocker that working moms make less money than women not weighed down by kids. In a study released Tuesday, Columbia University and Russell Sage Foundation scholar Jane Waldfogel finds that U.S. mothers in their prime-working years (usually defined as 25 to 44 years old) face a roughly 5% "motherhood wage penalty" in the workplace relative to childless women workers, a figure she estimates hasn't improved much since the late 1970s.
- Pay Gap Is Because of Gender, Not Jobs - The majority of the pay gap between men and women actually comes from differences within occupations, not between them - and widens in the highest-paying ones like business, law and medicine, according to data from Claudia Goldin, a Harvard University labor economist and a leading scholar on women and the economy.
- The Gender Pay Gap State-By-State - This month the Census revealed the latest income numbers for full-time, year-round workers by gender, age and region. While the national statistics have been stagnant for a decade (on average, a full-time, year round female worker earns 77 cents to every dollar her male peers earn), there is movement on the state level. Here we look, by 2012 median earnings, how the 50 states rank in terms of paycheck equality. No. 4 New York - Female full-time annual earnings: $43,000 Male full-time annual earnings: $51,274 Earnings on the dollar: 84 cents.
- Why does Hollywood think that men are worth $42 million more than women?
- Women business owners face gender gap, report says - The report by Democratic staffers of the Senate Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee found that while businesses owned by women account for 30 percent of small companies, they receive only 4.4 percent of the total dollars in conventional small-business loans. That amounts to $1 for every $23 loaned. Between 1997 and 2007, women-owned businesses added about 500,000 jobs, while the rest of privately held companies cut jobs.
- Here's Just How Much It Pays To Be Conventionally Attractive - Heavier women earn less. Taller people earn more. With how much symmetrical faces are rewarded among professional quarterbacks, one would think it directly affects how far they can throw the ball.
- Cuomo Approves Labor Protections For Unpaid Interns - The new law, which takes effect immediately, would extend anti-discrimination protections to unpaid interns when it comes to hiring, firing, or terms of employment as well as retaliation.
- NH Governor Signs Paycheck Fairness Act - New Hampshire Gov. Maggie Hassan (D) signed a law addressing pay equity between men and women in the state. The Paycheck Fairness Act updates state law to remove loopholes, increase transparency in wages, and give workers the resources they need to combat discrimination without fear of retaliation by their employer. Congrats to AAUW of New Hampshire, which worked on this bill from start to finish, including a rally in the state capital on Equal Pay Day 2014!
- Equal Pay for Women Would Mean a More Secure Retirement for All - The link is simple and clear: Women earn less than men in the workplace - almost $450 billion less in total each year nationwide - resulting in lower Social Security payments after retirement. The pay discrimination against women not only hurts their current well-being and future security, but also means tens of billions less in revenues to fund Social Security.
- 16 U.S. Cities Where Women Actually Earn More Than Men - Women continue to make strides in workforce participation, yet not all female laborers are treated the same across the country. It turns out, where women live impacts how much they make and how equal their earnings will be to their male counterparts.
- Women CEOs Are Good For Business, Says Study - An analysis from Fortune showed that Fortune 1000 companies with female CEOs record better stock market returns than those with male CEOs. Only 51 of the Fortune 1000 companies are run by women. The number of female-headed Fortune 500 companies has grown from just two in 1998 to 24 in 2014, an all-time high. The Fortune study also revealed that female-led companies generate 7 percent of Fortune 1000's total revenue, even though women only make up 5 percent of Fortune 1000 CEOs. And of those female fortune 1000 CEOs who chose to disclose their family status, over 80 percent reported that they are also wives and mothers.
- It Will Take 75 Years for Women to Achieve Equal Pay, Says Oxfam - Poverty, discrimination and unpaid labor are among the barriers facing women. Women still have a ways to go until they're paid the same as men. According to a new report released today by Oxfam, the gender pay gap will likely close in 75 years, as long as it continues to melt away at its current rate. The agency is encouraging G20 countries to asses their agendas on gender inequality when they summit in Australia later this year. Oxfam asks member countries to extend their commitment to tackling barriers to women's social and economic participation set in the 2012 Los Cabos Declaration.
- Women Allege Goldman Sachs Took Company Trips to Strip Clubs, Ignored Sexual Assault - The two former female employees who previously filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against Goldman Sachs are seeking to turn it into a class action suit to make their case on behalf of all female associates and vice presidents at the investment bank, investment management, and securities divisions.
- Closing the Pay Gap for Asian-American Women - When taken as a whole, AAPI workers have the highest level of earnings compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Half of full-time AAPI workers earned $987 or more per week in 2013, approximately 14 percent higher than the median weekly earnings of white workers. On the other hand, the gap in earnings between men and women in the AAPI community is very high. As you can see in the chart below, the weekly median earnings of AAPI women is $839, compared to $1,125 for AAPI men. While AAPI women earn more than other women of color, they only earn 75 cents for every dollar earned by AAPI men.
- Male-female pay gap remains entrenched at White House - The White House has not narrowed the gap between the average pay of male and female employees since President Obama's first year in office, according to a Washington Post analysis of new salary data. The average male White House employee currently earns about $88,600, while the average female White House employee earns about $78,400, according to White House data released Tuesday. That is a gap of 13 percent.
- Goldman Sachs, Tinder slapped with sex discrimination lawsuits - Charges were made by former female executives against tech startup Tinder and banking giant Goldman Sachs. Whitney Wolfe, former marketing vice president of the popular dating app Tinder, is suing the company for "atrocious sexual harassment and sex discrimination." Meanwhile, a lawsuit filed by two former female Goldman Sachs employees against the firm alleges Wall Street sexism.
- Female College Grads Still Earn Less Than Men - Many female millennials believe that they're exempt from the wage gap. After all, the debate surrounding equal pay has raged on for over 40 years, from the time their grandmothers were working. They would be wrong.
- One place where the glass ceiling has cracked open - In the Capital Region, where women lead 13 of the 25 higher education institutions. Nationally, female college presidents are outnumbered by men three to one.
- Even Among The Youngest People In The Workforce, Men Are Making More Than Women - The gender wage gap gets worse as women age, with an acute uptick when they start having children. But that doesn't mean young women start out on an even playing field. A wage gap among young women, particularly college-educated ones, is striking because it comes before some causes of the wage gap kick in.
- AAUW Blog: Male Colleague's Pay Given "Family" Boost over a Mother's Pay - In her first job out of graduate school, Eileen deHaro was paid less than a male colleague because he had a family. Yet so did she. Though deHaro was able to force her employer to pay her equally, she still lost out on wages she deserved for the time she was underpaid. Her experience is shared by mothers nationwide. It takes almost an extra six months - or until June 12 in 2014 - for working mothers' wages to catch up with working fathers' wages from the previous year. Working mothers typically are paid 69 cents for every dollar working fathers are paid.
- MA: New report finds gender pay gap among nonprofit CEOs - More women than men are running Massachusetts area nonprofits, but they are earning less money, according to a new study done by Third Sector New England, an organization dedicated to assisting nonprofits.
- AAUW Blog: Same Job but Less Pay for a Mother- "They actually rewrote the job description to give it to me like that," she said. "They told me it was because I didn't have planning credentials, but I have always wondered if they didn't rewrite it so they could justify the lower wage."
- Why women's pay gap means trouble later in life - Fear of becoming an old bag lady is apparently fairly common, even for high-income female workers. It turns out it might not be such an ungrounded worry. Women are hitting retirement age with lower Social Security benefits than men, as well as less in private savings and less pension income than their male counterparts, according to a new report.
- The Highest-Paid Woman CEO Was Born A Man - The CEO in question is named Martine Rothblatt. She founded Sirius Satellite Radio in 1994, as Martin, then had a sex-change operation. Then she founded United Therapeutics in 1996 and has served as its CEO ever since. That $38 million put Ms. Rothblatt a fair ways above the second-highest paid woman CEO on the New York Times' list, Marissa Mayer of Yahoo. The rest of the 200 with market values over $1 billion, the 189 other CEOs, are men.
- How Retailers Could Narrow The Gender Pay Gap And Lift Women Out Of Poverty - Part of the reason women are struggling in retail is that they suffer from a wage gap. Throughout the industry, the typical woman makes 72 percent of what a man makes. Salespeople have an even bigger gap, as women make $4 less per hour than men on average.
- Women In Sales Must Work 103 Extra Days A Year To Make As Much As Men - Women in sales and related jobs have work 103 extra days every year just to earn the same amount of money as their male colleagues bring in. That's nearly double the average gap for all jobs, which comes out to about 59 more days per year that women need to work to earn the same as men. "It's really striking, because it's the most common occupation in the country right now," Amy Traub, a senior policy analyst at Demos and the author of the study, said of retail work. "It's not a job that's going away."
- The Pay Gap for Women Starts at Graduation - A Harvard survey found that men were about twice as likely to choose finance, technology, or engineering-all highly paid fields-for their first jobs. Eleven percent of women chose engineering or technology, versus 19 percent of men. Ten percent of women chose finance, compared with 24 percent of men. Women were twice as likely to choose public service or not-for-profits, which don't pay as well. Equal numbers of men and women chose consulting.
- Google ends silence on workforce diversity, confirms that it is largely white and male - "We've always been reluctant to publish numbers about the diversity of our workforce at Google," the world's biggest search-advertising company said in a blog post. "We now realize we were wrong, and that it's time to be candid about the issues." The disclosure that Mountain View-based Google is 70 percent male and 61 percent white comes after the discussion about gender diversity in Silicon Valley technology hit a boil last year. Google said it felt it had to disclose its numbers to nurture solutions to the imbalances.
- Stop Mansplaining the 'Boy Crisis' - Sexism Still Holds Women Back - Despite gains for girls in school, a hard look at workforce research reveals that, no, the matriarchy isn't gunning for men. If the economy really was a pull-yourself-up-by-the-bootstraps meritocracy - rather than one where women don't even get boots - then the "boy crisis" handwringers might have a point. Academic rigor, ambition and self-control should be paths to financial success for both men and women. But the economic playing field is not just tilted toward men: it's pockmarked with pitfalls for women that they might not even be able to see coming.
- Female 'A' Students End Up Making Less Than Male 'C' Students - High school GPA is just one of many factors, including gender, that determine a student's future income, according to a new study. It found that women who had a 4.0 GPA in high school still made less on average than men who had a 2.5 GPA.
- Four Reasons why Women MBAs earn less - The number of Women MBAs in top Business Schools has steadily increased over the past 10 years, with schools accepting 30-40% women candidates in the past two years. However, a more disturbing finding is the rising pay gap between Men and Women professionals. The gap is exacerbated in a management position at both mid-level and senior positions.
- The Equal Pay Webinar on April 17, 2013 that was hosted by the Women’s Bureau and The American Association of University Women is now available!
- Recording of the Equal Pay Webinar
- Women’s Bureau Equal Pay Guides: “An Employer’s Guide to Equal Pay,” and “A Guide to Women’s Equal Pay Rights” (available in Spanish, Chinese, French and Vietnamese upon request)
- The Bureau of Labor Statistics Women in the Workforce Databook
- The American Association of University Women report, “Graduating to a Pay Gap: The Earnings of Women and Men One Year After College Graduation”
- The American Association of University Women Salary Calculator
- The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Equal Pay Fact Sheet
- The Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce Report: “What’s it Worth: The Economic Value of College Majors”
- In the News: One Year After Graduation, Female Pay Lags Behind - AAUW published "Graduating to a Pay Gap"
Branch Homepage - Public Policy Issues to Watch