Status of Women - Work-Life Balance Issues
Work-Life Balance Issues for Women & Their Families
"Because Equity is Still an Issue."
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Updated: Sept. 1, 2015
- First Lady to Tap U.S. Students in Education Equity Campaign for Girls - Michelle Obama's initiative seeks to remove barriers that keep about 62 million girls around the world from attending school. The first lady wants to enlist students and teachers in U.S. classrooms to help promote educational equity for girls around the world. Peace Corps volunteers in 11 countries, ranging from Albania to Uganda, will complete projects designed by local communities to help tear down barriers that keep girls out of school. Globally, about 62 million girls are not in school because of sanitation, transportation, poverty, and other issues, according to the U.S. Agency for International Development.
- AAUW in the News: AAUW- St. Lawrence County OpEd Women's Equality Day celebrated on Wednesday (Aug. 25, 2015)
- Syllabus Gender Gap - Are women more likely than men to include works by women on a syllabus? A new study of international relations courses for Ph.D. students finds that they are. Framing the comparison, Colgan writes that "female instructors assign 36 percent more readings by women (including coed teams) than male instructors do, or about 5 readings per course."
- Poll: Americans Believe in Women's Equality, But Don't Understand It - A new survey finds that while most of the public knows society has a long way to go before women will be fully equal, people are poorly informed about feminism and key women's issues.
- - On Women's Equality Day Eric Garcetti, the Mayor of Los Angeles, signed a progressive and inclusive executive directive to take a major step toward gender equity for the city and to be a model for other cities. As one of the first cities to pass (CEDAW), Garcetti announced Los Angeles "must be a model for its implementation." Garcetti's executive directive states that good governance includes addressing the needs of all people, and coming up with gender-specific responses to the challenges of governing a city. Garcetti created a Gender Equity Coalition comprised of Gender Equity Liaisons, who are to be appointed by city department heads.
- What's in Store: Moving Away from Gender-based Signs - Target announces the removal of gender-based signage after receiving customer feedback stating that product suggestions based on gender are unnecessary. Target will begin phasing out gender-based signage over the next few months in the toy, home, and entertainment departments. For example, in the kids' Bedding area, signs will no longer feature suggestions for boys or girls, just kids. In the Toys aisles, we'll also remove reference to gender, including the use of pink, blue, yellow or green paper on the back walls of our shelves.
- It turns out parenthood is worse than divorce, unemployment - even the death of a partner - It turns out that having a child can have a pretty strong negative impact on a person's happiness, according to a new study published in the journal Demography. In fact, on average, the effect of a new baby on a person's life is devastatingly bad - worse than divorce, worse than unemployment and worse even than the death of a partner.
- The absurdity of women's clothing sizes, in one chart - Here are some numbers that illustrate the insanity of women's clothing sizes: A size 8 dress today is nearly the equivalent of a size 16 dress in 1958. And a size 8 dress of 1958 doesn't even have a modern-day equivalent - the waist and bust measurements of a Mad Men-era 8 come in smaller than today's size 00.
- Eleanor Roosevelt Is Top Choice for the $10 Bill, Poll Finds - Eleanor Roosevelt, who spent 12 years in the White House as first lady and traveled the world as a human-rights advocate, is the front-runner for the new face of the $10 bill, according to a poll.
- How Sexism Makes it Harder for Moms to Raise Kids - Mothers earning salaries below the poverty line are sacrificing almost half of their earnings on child care. According to a 2015 study by the National Women's Law Center, child care costs affect women more than men, as costs consume a larger share of employed mothers' incomes than overall family income. This often discourages women from participating in the paid workforce, and even when mothers of very young children do participate, nearly one in five end up in low-wage jobs.
- There's No Federal Law Stopping Businesses From Discriminating Against Female Customers. Now There's A Bill To Fix That - The legislation also would close other longstanding gaps, including the exclusion of sex from the areas of public accommodations, state and local government services and federal funding, according to a preview provided to The Huffington Post. Emily Martin, vice president and general counsel at the National Women's Law Center, said that when the Civil Rights Act was drafted, the focus was on segregation in public places.
- America Leads Developed World in Treating Working Moms Like Crap - America is very harsh on working mothers. Women make up nearly 50 percent of America's workforce and 40 percent of household breadwinners, yet they have few of the protections mothers in other rich countries enjoy. America is the only country in the developed world that doesn't offer guaranteed paid paternity or maternity leave to workers. Only 12 percent of U.S. workers reportedly have such coverage, but it is usually a benefit provided through employer insurance. At least seven in 10 mothers with children younger than 18 were in the workforce in 2012, according to the Pew Research Center. Yet, America is quite hostile toward its working mothers.
- Women's Equality Act Supporters Say There's Still Work To Do - The co-chair of the Women's Equality Coalition, Suzy Ballantyne says while she thinks women's lives will be better after the 2015 session, she says there's still "more to do." "I don't think anybody in New York State would say it's an equal playing field for women, still, at this point," Ballantyne said.
- Connections: Women's Equality Is Not Here Yet - Some may say we don't need feminism, because equality is here, but recent events say otherwise. Take for example that - finally - a woman will grace the front of U.S. currency, but it won't be the $20 bill. We discuss these recent events and why the fight for equality is still ongoing with our panel.
- Deborah Hughes, executive director of the Susan B. Anthony House
- Barbara LeSavoy, director and assistant professor of Women and Gender Studies at SUNY Brockport
- Haley Johnson, graduate student
- Woman to be on new $10 bill - U.S. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew said a woman will be featured on a redesigned $10 bill in 2020 -- the 100th anniversary of the Constitution's 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. The last woman on U.S. paper currency was Martha Washington, who was on the $1 Silver Certificate between 1891 and 1896.
- Ford Shifts Grant Making to Focus Entirely on Inequality - The fight against inequality will take center stage at the Ford Foundation under a sweeping overhaul announced today by the nation's second biggest philanthropy. Under that plan, the foundation's grant making supported eight causes: human rights, freedom of expression, democratic and accountable government, economic opportunity, education, sustainable development, sexuality and reproductive health, and social justice.
- The stereotype of the 'queen bee' female executive is losing its sting - One of the most enduring stereotypes in the American workplace is that of the "queen bee": the executive female who, at best, doesn't help the women below her get ahead and, at worst, actively hinders them. This supposed species has been analyzed in newspaper essays, described in surveys and caricatured over and over again in Hollywood.
- 4 Generations of American Women: Great Progress, Persistent Challenges - There are deep reasons underlying a pervasive feeling of division among different generations of women. The women of Generation X and Millennial women inherited a very different world than those of the Silent Generation and the Baby Boomers, who were born in an era in which many unmarried women could not access contraception, abortion was illegal, and married women had to ask their husbands for permission to take a job. Growing up, coming of age, and navigating the world of work and family at different points in recent American history have had a number of very real effects. This issue brief will take up the question of how age-via generational differences in attitudes, expectations, and life experiences-can play a role in complicating the women's leadership conversation. To make the promise of women's leadership real for the greatest number of women of all ages and backgrounds, women's advocates must ground their work in the day-to-day reality and diversity of the female experience.
- We Need Lots More Women in Media, New Study Finds - The voices of women of all races and people of color are being shouted down across most media platforms. The Women's Media Center issued its annual study on The Status of Women in U.S. Media, which examines how women are represented across multiple media platforms, including "news, literature, broadcast, film, television, radio, online, tech, gaming and social media." Titled "Divided 2015: The Media Gender Gap," the investigation found that women, who make up more than half of the country's population, are woefully underrepresented in most media formats.
- Rep. John Katko introduces bill to put Harriet Tubman on U.S. currency - U.S. Rep. John Katko introduced a bipartisan bill Tuesday that would put Harriet Tubman on U.S. currency by the end of 2017, responding to a national movement to put a female face on the $20 bill. Katko, R-Camillus, introduced the bill with Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., and seven original co-sponsors from both parties.
- For Millennials, it's good to be young, rich, and female - Wealthy Millennial women are more likely to make at least as much -- if not more -- than their husbands. They're also more likely to take the big decisions on household finances and investments, according to a new report from U.S. Trust that surveyed high and ultra-high net worth individuals, defined as those with at least $3 million in investable assets.
- Mounting Evidence of Advantages for Children of Working Mothers - Nearly three-quarters of American mothers with children at home are employed. In a new study of 50,000 adults in 25 countries, daughters of working mothers completed more years of education, were more likely to be employed and in supervisory roles and earned higher incomes. In the United States, daughters of working mothers earned 23 percent more than daughters of stay-at-home mothers, after controlling for demographic factors, and sons spent seven and a half more hours a week on child care and 25 more minutes on housework.
- For US Women, Inequality Takes Many Forms - The Institute for Women's Policy Research (IWPR)-in partnership with a multitude of organizations including the Ford Foundation, the Roosevelt Institute Campus Network, and the Center for American Progress-just released the 2015 edition of its project on the Status of Women in the States, with newly updated data and trend analyses on women's economic, social, and political progress in the United States. The findings? Although we have indeed experienced progress toward gender equity, it's likely that we won't see equal pay for American women within our lifetime.
- To do better work, pay attention to the rest of your life - To Stewart Friedman, founding director of Wharton's Work/Life Integration Project, work and life aren't something to be "balanced." He argues that fuller lives and richer work comes from being clear about what's most important to you and the people who matter most to you, and integrating four domains: work, family, community and self.
- What's missing from executive education: women - There's been considerable discussion about whether women are adequately represented in traditional MBA programs, but executive programs, which are geared for people already very well-established in their careers, haven't faced the same scrutiny. How are women faring in that part of the B-school?
- Census Data Show More U.S. Women Do Not Have Children - About 47.6% of U.S. women ages 15 to 44 were childless in 2014, the highest percentage since the government began recording such data in 1976, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
- How Much Does Domestic Abuse Cost Its Survivors? - We won't ever know the unpaid debt that most domestic abusers owe, but no one needs to remind a battered partner how much domestic violence costs her, whether it be her job, her family, her physical and mental health. But what about the social consequences? A new study uses the dismal science to calculate the cost to the victim in terms of her future economic security, and finds that while state intervention may prove invaluable, the personal damage may be irrevocable.
- Google imports new CFO Ruth Porat from Wall Street - Google has lured away Morgan Stanley's chief financial officer, Ruth Porat, to be its CFO at a time when the Internet search leader and its Silicon Valley peers are under fire for hiring and promoting too few women. Google Inc. and other Silicon Valley heavyweights, including Apple Inc. and Facebook Inc., are trying to add more women to their payrolls. The push began during the past 10 months after the companies released data revealing that women only filled 15 to 20 percent of the tech jobs, which tend to pay the most.
- Women in New York State Prisons Don't Have Enough Sanitary Pads, Suffer Other Daily Indignities - Incarceration violates women's reproductive rights - to say nothing of their dignity and humanity - at every turn. These are among the findings of a report on the state of reproductive health care for women in New York State prisons released last week.
- Career Coach: Mentors matter, but women need sponsors in high places - It is clear that having a mentor is advantageous for anyone wanting to move up, and especially for women. Yet despite all of the mentoring that many women have received, they still have not moved up into positions as high as men have. One reason, according to a 2010 Harvard Business Review article by researchers Herminia Ibarra, Nancy Carter and Christine Silva is that women are often mentored by less senior leaders who may not be able to provide the sponsorship that women need to move up. By sponsorship we mean advocating or fighting to get them a job or promotion, mentioning their name for placement on an important committee or visible assignment or actively helping them advance.
- Debating US Foreign Policy: Where Are the Women?
But there's a dearth when it comes to women's voices in U.S. media coverage of foreign policy issues, according to the founders of a new organisation that aims to amplify women's voices in the media. "There is a disparity between the number of women [and men] we see commenting on foreign policy issues," said Foreign Policy Interrupted co-founder Elmira Bayrasli to a packed room of women (and a few men) Feb 4. at the Washington-based New America, a non-profit public policy institute and think tank.
- New campaign could turn technology into a women's human rights issue - The Global Fund for Women recently launched a worldwide online media campaign called IGNITE to make internet access and STEM education for women human rights issues. A report by the United Nations' Broadband Commission Working Group showed that 200 million more men have access to the internet than women -- 41% of men worldwide compared to 37% of women. Even in the developed world, where internet access is widespread, there is a gap: 80% of men and 74% of women.
- Study: Modern Contraceptive Use Could Prevent 15M Unintended Pregnancies in Certain Countries - Increased access to modern forms of contraception could have prevented 15 million unintended pregnancies in low- and middle-income countries over a seven-year period, according to a report by WHO epidemiologists published in Human Reproduction.
- Brains, Not Clothes - Many female professors complain that students evaluate them in sexist ways based in part on appearance, and data suggests that's true. But few administrators have spoken out against student bias in evaluations, and tend to treat it more as an inevitable if unfortunate part of the process. So a recent mass e-mail to students at Rutgers University School of Law at Camden from Adam Scales, vice dean, stands out.
- The unbelievable rise of single motherhood in America over the last 50 years - Few institutions in America have evolved over the last 50 years quite like motherhood. More women are having their children later in life. Or they're doing so in less traditional ways: before marriage, without marriage, or with unmarried partners. Single motherhood has grown so common in America that demographers now believe half of all children will live with a single mom at some point before the age of 18.
- Domestic Violence Drives Up New York Shelter Population as Housing Options Are Scarce - Victims of abuse are often left with no place to live and little means of support, and frequently end up homeless. In New York, this has helped drive the shelter population to a record high, with more than a quarter of all families in shelters citing abuse as the cause for their stay, city officials said. And, nationwide, many cities report a similar experience.
- A Quick Guide on the Human Rights of Women - The terms reproductive health, reproductive rights, and reproductive justice are often used as interchangeable phrases to talk about either contraception or abortion. But these terms are in fact three very different concepts. Reproductive health refers to preventive care, family planning, and disease management, while reproductive rights include the legal protections and public supports that allow women to control their fertility, give birth as they choose, and protect their health so that they can fully participate in society. Reproductive justice, a 20-year old term, refers to the structural and social issues that effect women's ability to fully benefit from the law or health services and that allow her to be the person, mother, caregiver, and breadwinner she wants to be.
- Ensuring Access to Family Planning Services for All - At some point in their lifetimes, 99 percent of sexually active women in the United States use contraception. However, women access family planning in a variety of locations, as well as pay for the services they receive in a multitude of ways. Although each and every woman in that 99 percent has family planning in common, their needs are all met differently. Policy and funding decisions must recognize these differences in order to support all women in the ways that work best for them. Improvements must be made to our current health care system so that all women can access and receive the contraceptive services they need. This issue brief discusses the importance of family planning and the benefits of making a societal investment in this much-needed health service.
- Woman in New York street harassment video: 'My story is not unique' - Shoshana Roberts was catcalled more than 100 times in 10 hours in a video of the street harassment has been viewed more than 12 million times. Roberts said the video is an accurate depiction of what she faces daily. For instance, there was a time when her grandfather died "and someone told me that they liked the way I looked."
- Girl Scouts Debate Their Place in a Changing World - Membership in the Girl Scouts has fallen over the past decade to three million, from a 2003 high of close to four million in combined participation of adults and girls, and the number of Girl Scout councils across the country has fallen to 112 from 312, according to the organization. A 2011 overhaul of girl scouting programs abandoned the old badge system and adopted a set of three "Journeys." It also aligned badges and leadership opportunities with 21st-century ideas revolving around social issues, professional opportunities for women, and science, technology, engineering and mathematics, the so-called STEM curriculum.
- Why Single Sex Education Is Good For Girls - Women make up 50 percent of the population and account for 59 percent of the college-educated entry-level workforce. Today, we can look up to some of the most powerful women in the nation: three Supreme Court justices, Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer, Harvard University President Drew Gilpin Faust and Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg to name a few. But the numbers are not as high as they should be when it comes to female leadership. According to the Center for American Progress, women still only make up 14.6 percent of executive officers, 8.1 percent of top earners and a mere 4.6 percent of Fortune 500 CEOs. In Massachusetts, The Boston Club released a report showing that nearly 14 percent of the 100 largest public companies have women as directors, which is below the national average of 17 percent.
- When Women Become Men at Wellesley - As women's colleges challenged the conventions of womanhood, they drew a disproportionate number of students who identified as lesbian or bisexual. Today a small but increasing number of students at those schools do not identify as women, raising the question of what it means to be a "women's college." Trans students are pushing their schools to play down the women-centric message.
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