Work-Life Balance Issues for Women & Their Families
"Because Equity is Still an Issue."
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Updated: April 16, 2014
- In the News: Why so few women college presidents? - Women are significantly underrepresented among higher education presidents. Today, only 26% of the college presidents in the U.S. are women while more than 57% of the students in colleges and universities are women. Women have been in the majority among undergraduate students since 1980 and among graduate students since 1988. Women made up 10% of the college presidents in 1980 and 23% in 2006. They have increased their share of presidencies by 1 percentage point every two years; if they continue to increase their share of college presidencies at this rate, it will take 48 years to hold half of the college presidencies; that is a very, very long time.
- In the News: The Real Reason American Moms Are Staying Home - According to a new Pew study, more American moms are staying at home with the kids - but not out of choice. These moms aren't avoiding the workplace because they are wealthy and can afford to do so, but because they can't find a job in an economy which is no longer working for most of us. Even when they can find a job, many women can't afford to take it because of the exhorbitant cost of childcare in America, which currently averages around $12,000 per year according to the National Association of Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies.
- In the News: Number of Mothers in U.S. Who Stay at Home Rises - BOSTON - Likely driven in part by economic factors and changing demographics, the number of stay-at-home mothers in the United States has risen since 2000 after decades of decline, a report released Tuesday by the Pew Research Center shows. The researchers found that 29 percent of mothers with children younger than 18 - about 10.4 million women - stayed at home in 2012, compared with the historic low of 23 percent in 1999.
- In the News: Men on the Edge of Panic: Boomer Esiason, Mike Francesa and Toxic Masculinity - Joe Erhmann: "Comments like these put every man in a position to think about career and co workers opinions ahead of father/husband/partner roles. So even in companies with paternity leave, many new dads won't or feel like they can't take advantage of leave without a stigma being attached to them.
- In the News: Global Rankings Study Depicts an America in Warp Speed Decline - From access to healthcare and education, gender equality, attitudes toward immigrants and minorities, the U.S. looks like a second-rate nation. While the U.S. enjoys the second highest per capita GDP of $45,336, it ranks in an underperforming 16th place overall. It gets worse. The U.S. ranks 70th in health, 69th in ecosystem sustainability, 39th in basic education, 34th in access to water and sanitation and 31st in personal safety.
- In the News: Could A 'Barbie' Get Real? What A Healthy Fashion Doll Looks Like - Lamm has nearly half a million dollars to produce a Barbie-like doll with the proportions of a real teenager. He designed the doll using the of the average 19-year-old, given by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Viseo: Childhood Gender Roles In Adult Life
- In the News: Exposed: Outrageous Gender Bias Rife in News Industry - According to the Women's Media Centre (WMC), male journalists dominate the U.S. news industry, receiving 63 percent of byline credits across almost all media sectors compared to just 37 percent for women.
- In the News: College degree gender gap widens with younger Gen Xers, study finds - At 27 years of age, 32 percent of women had received a bachelor’s degree, compared to 24 percent of men, and by the same age, some 70 percent of women had at least attended some college, compared to 61 percent of men.
- OpEd: No more backsliding: The Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is a landmark international agreement that affirms principles of fundamental human rights and equality for women around the world. It outlines a comprehensive framework that can guide governments toward eliminating discrimination and bring any country closer to achieving gender equality.
- In the News: Momentum Is Building for Museum on Women - Representatives Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, and Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee are co-sponsors of a bill authorizing exploration of a national women's history museum site.
- In the News: Jimmy Carter Issues 'Call To Action' Against Subjugation Of Women - In his new book, A Call To Action, Carter tackles a fundamental question of equality head-on: the subjugation of women in cultures around the world.
- In the News: America Ranks 98th in the World? The Shocking Dismal Number of Women in Elected Office - Why does the U.S. still have such low numbers compared with the rest of the world?
- In the News: How Playing with Barbies Can Stunt Girls’ Career Aspirations - New study suggests playing with Barbie "creates a limit on the sense of what’s possible for their future."
- In the News: Celebrating 23 Women Righting the Wrongs of Hunger and Poverty Around the World - In many countries, women are responsible for the majority of food production, but they are also more likely to suffer from hunger due to food shortages. For instance, Oxfam International data has found women perform 66 percent of the world’s work, but only earn 10 percent of the income.
- In the News: Six Ways America Is Like a Third-World Country - Our society lags behind the rest of the developed world in education, health care, violence and more
- In the News: Global Gender Pay Gap Map - This map highlights the percentage difference between men and women’s wages around the world. There is not a single country where women earn, on average, more than their male counterparts.
- In the News: Pols: NY public campaign financing vital to women - More than 160 women who are elected officials or hold other leadership posts have written to New York's top elected officials, all men, urging them to enact public campaign financing.
- In the News: The Gender Gap in Screen Time - This year's lead actors average 85 minutes on screen, but lead actresses average only 57 minutes. When you add in supporting categories, all competing actors averaged 59 minutes, while all competing actresses averaged 42 minutes. Last year's results were even more imbalanced: nominated male stars averaged 100 minutes on screen to the lead actresses' 49 minutes.
- In the News: Chemistry Without Women - Emily Carter, founding director of the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment at Princeton University; Laura Gagliardi, professor of chemistry at the University of Minnesota; and Anna Krylov, professor of chemistry at the University of Southern California, started the petition this month in response to a preliminary published program for the Beijing conference featuring 24 invitees, five chairs and honorary chairs – all of whom were men.
- In the News: Mars, Venus and the Handling of Money - Scores of recent studies show that we’re in the midst of a tectonic gender shift around money: It’s big, slow-moving and ultimately a game-changer. Women have money now, real money: They earn a combined $29 trillion worldwide, according to the Boston Consulting Group, about $3 trillion of that in the United States. And while men still earn more, women control nearly three-quarters of all purchasing decisions. Judging by other economic indicators, those numbers will only grow. Since 1982 women have earned 9.1 million more associate’s, bachelor’s and master’s degrees than men.
- In the News: Great Britain: Cash-strapped older women are forced back to work - Older women taking on more jobs, study finds, but pay gap between the sexes is growing wider.
- In the News: AOL's CEO Proves Women and Children Make Easy Scapegoats in the Workplace - AOL CEO Tim Armstrong recently ignited a firestorm of criticism when he announced the company would be restructuring its retirement benefits. Armstrong explained that the financial burden of Obamacare and the deliveries of two "distressed babies," which cost the company $1 million each, had forced the company to reduce 401(k) matching contributions.
- In the News: Where women work, and don’t: A map of female labor force participation around the world - International Women's Day is coming up in a couple of weeks, so it's worth looking at an issue that's extremely important both for women's rights and welfare as well as for any country's overall economic health: female labor force participation.
- In the News: Hillary Clinton launches global data project on women and girls - Hillary Rodham Clinton, who has been weaving a theme of women’s empowerment throughout her public life as she ponders another presidential run in 2016, launched a new partnership to measure and analyze the advancement of women and girls around the world.
- In the News: Record Share of Wives 'Marry Down' Educationally - A record share of wives are "marrying down" educationally, and have more education than do their husbands, according to a new report by the Pew Research Center. Historically, husbands were more likely than wives to have a greater level of education. In 1960, 13.5 percent of husbands had a greater educational attainment than did their wives, while only 6.9 percent of wives had a greater attainment than did their husbands. In 2012, for the first time ever, wives were more likely than husbands to have the greater educational attainment, 20.7 percent to 19.9 percent.
- In the News: Where Risk and Resilience Meet: Elaine Enarson Talks Gender Disaster - Disasters disproportionately affect women, people of color, and the poor, posing both immediate dangers and long-term challenges. Pre-existing problems like gender-based violence, custody conflicts and insecure work or housing are exacerbated, while the resources and organizations that usually offer support become undermined in times of crisis.
- In the News: These Are the Best Unproduced Screenplays with Female Protagonists - The first Athena List – a feminist parallel to the Black List, which recognizes high quality scripts that have yet to become movies – premiered at the Athena Film Festival happening now in New York City. The Athena List recognizes four unproduced screenplays that feature a female protagonist lead, including one about AAUW’s bestie, Lilly Ledbetter.
- In the News: OPINION: WOMEN DON'T NEED ANY MORE BIG LIES - In "The Big Lie: Motherhood, Feminism, and the Reality of the Biological Clock," I explore many Big Lies, one of which is that women can delay motherhood until we're ready and if we're not able to get pregnant naturally, then science will make it happen for us.
- In the News: Hillary and Chelsea Clinton meet with United Nations chief on women’s equality - Former secretary of state Hillary Rodham Clinton and her daughter, Chelsea, met Tuesday at the United Nations with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to discuss worldwide women's equality. The U.N. chief told reporters that Clinton would play "a very important role" in next year's 20th anniversary celebration of the historic 1995 U.N. conference on women in Beijing, where as first lady she famously declared that "women's rights are human rights and human rights are women's rights."
- In the News: The State of the Union Only Tells Half the Story on Women - Professional white women make 77 cents on the dollar. The last time I checked, that’s actually not the majority of women in this country.
- In the News: Can One State Wipe Out Sexism At Work In One Fell Swoop? - Minnesota state lawmakers unveiled the “Women’s Economic Security Act of 2014,” a legislative package “designed to break down barriers to economic progress facing women – and all Minnesotans,” according to the release. Among the pieces of the package are paid sick leave, a raise in the minimum wage to $9.50, and expanding access to high-quality, affordable childcare.
- AAUW Blog: Are Young Women Carrying the Mantle of Feminism?
- In the News: NYC female firefighters trying to boost numbers - As a New York City firefighter, Sarinya Srisakul didn't work with another woman for five years, and when she did, she took pictures because it was so rare.
- In the News: Education Is the Key to a Better Quality of Life for Women
This is especially true for women, particularly the millions of them who are living on the brink of poverty -- one illness, one home repair or one lost paycheck away from economic ruin.
- In the News: DoJ Report: Guards Commit Half of All Sexual Assaults - Allegations of rape and sexual assault involving prison inmates are increasing, and nearly half of those assaults are committed against prisoners by correctional officers, according to a new report issued by the Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics.
- In the News: The Shriver Report: A Woman’s Nation Pushes Back from the Brink - Executive Summary
- In the News: 'Redefining Girly': Book calls out teachers, doctors for gender stereotyping - It's not that the color pink or princess stories are bad, says Melissa Atkins Wardy, author of the new book "Redefining Girly: How Parents Can Fight the Stereotyping and Sexualizing of Girlhood, from Birth to Tween," and cofounder of The Brave Girls Alliance, a gender equality think tank and advocacy group, it's that "pink culture" stereotypes limit the choices girls have.
- In the News: Closing the Gender Wage Gap Would Cut Women's Poverty Rate in Half - The report notes that one in three women in the country either live in poverty or are 'teetering on its brink,' coming to 42 million in total who struggle financially.
- In the News: BEYONCE: GENDER EQUALITY IS A MYTH - When Beyonce tells people to "bow down," they listen.
- In the News: Hillary Clinton: Clock ‘turning back’ for women in U.S. - Hillary Clinton warns in a new book that the “clock is turning back” on women across America and offers a passionate argument for prioritizing the advancement of women and girls.
- OpEd: When the state interferes in a family drama - His father-in-law, Ernest Machado, told the New York Times the state has made his daughter “a host for a fetus.” Indeed. In seeking to protect a life not yet viable outside the womb, it has reduced its mother to a thing, and robbed her family of its right to say a dignified and proper farewell.
- In the News: Women at the Pulpit - Pastor Susie Elliott discovered early on that simply being ordained would not guarantee a woman a spot at the pulpit. Often women were “benched” while the men led the congregation. Determined to level the playing field, she founded Mother/Daughters of Zion, a group that champions women as pastors and supports their efforts to become leaders in their own churches.
- In the News: Physicians and the (Woman's) Body Politic - For two decades, legislatures have been encroaching on the realm of medicine. Heedless of medical ethics or evidence-based standards of care, they have been declaring medical “facts,” specifying or forbidding medical procedures, and dictating to doctors what they must say to their patients. Roe v. Wade was not only about a woman's right to abortion. It was also about the right to her physician's medical judgment and best care, unconstrained by partisan strategies. It is not only women's bodies that are being held hostage to politics; it is also the hearts, minds, and professional pride of their physicians.
- In the News: Japan: The worst developed country for working mothers? - Japanese women are more likely to have a university degree than men, and the number of women in employment has been rising steadily for 10 years - but, for a range of reasons, a woman who has had children still has a hard time getting a good job.
- In the News: Capitalism, Ecology and the Official Invisibility of Women - When the costs to society of environmental degradation and women's unpaid and under-compensated labor are factored in, capitalism provides no profits.
- In the News: Your Terrifying Retirement Future: Why Millions Risk Sliding Into Poverty As They Age - Low wages, low or no savings, and low Social Security benefits. The future is not bright, especially for women and minorities.
- In the News: Women Are Swelling the Ranks of People Living in Extreme Poverty in America - Poor women are often ignored or regarded with contempt in the U.S.
- In the News: Real Story of Female Breadwinners Has Multi-Layers - While the media and research have recently focused on deconstructing female breadwinners, the reality is that their stories are more complex, says Liz O'Donnell in this excerpt from "Mogul, Mom, and Maid: The Balancing Art of the Modern Woman."
- In the News: Female Conductors Search for Equality at Highest Level - Female conductors no longer attract open-mouthed attention among music lovers or the news media when they appear, yet they remain far from being fairly represented. According to the League of American Orchestras, of the 103 ensembles with the biggest budgets, 12 have female conductors; just one of the top-tier 22 is led by a woman.
- In the News: The War on Women: The Newly Invisible and Undeserving Poor in America - The US Congress is fighting over how much to cut food assistance to needy families. Everyone knows that women and their children are the poorest people in America, but strangely, the faces of women have disappeared from the debate and have been absorbed into abstract "needy families."
- In the News: Measuring Other Outcomes - Focusing on a set of factors that are shown to correlate with “a great life,” the survey of 30,000 graduates annually will provide data on how alumni of groups of colleges (public or private institutions in certain states, for instance, or athletic conferences) are faring and how they compare to national averages. The final product will be a benchmark for student success against which any campus can measure its own graduates.
- In the News: Women Still Largely Absent From Corporate Boards - On Tuesday, new research examining Fortune 500 Companies found women represent 17 percent of corporate board positions and only 15 percent of senior executive positions. Despite major accomplishments, such as Yahoo’s Marissa Mayer topping Fortune’s 40 under 40, General Motors naming Mary Barra as the first female CEO of the Big Three automakers, and studies showing women serving on boards is linked to higher average returns on equity and growth, women continue to remain largely absent from corporate senior decision making roles.
- In the News: Crimes Against Women Grossly Underestimated, Report Says - Violence committed against women by men is vastly under-reported in many countries, a large new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 93,600 women in 24 countries who survived sexual or physical violence, often called gender-based violence. Only 7 percent of the survivors reported the incidents to legal, medical or social support services, and only 37 percent informed family, friends or neighbors.
- In the News: Two-Thirds of Seniors Need Help With Some Part of Daily Living - Study finds they rely on other people or special devices to complete routine tasks - Two-thirds of people over the age of 65 need help completing the tasks of daily living, either from special devices such as canes, scooters and bathroom grab bars or from another person, new research shows.
- In the News: Companies with women in leadership roles perform better, UC Davis study finds - Female business executives are making some headway in breaking down the corporate glass ceiling, according to the latest annual UC Davis Study of California Women Business Leaders, but the male-to-female ratio in the board room is still lopsided in favor of men. Women now represent 10.9% of the highest paying executive and board positions in California’s top 400 public companies, a 1% increase over last year.
- In the News: Analysis: Tech start-ups show little imagination on board gender diversity - The number of women on the boards of startup companies remains low because of factors including fewer women in the industry and the dominance of men in venture capital firms, who often take board seats, Sarah McBride and Poornima Gupta write. A Reuters survey found that 6 of the 10 top venture-backed startups do not have any female directors.
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